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      突擊炮王牌 一位不鮮為人知的德國猛將

      已跟帖 2015-07-22 作者:未知 來源:網絡

        Stug Ace

        突擊炮王牌

        (原文:Overlord的博客)

        Hugo Primozic was born in 1914 in Württemberg, Germany to a German mother and a Slovenian father. He enlisted with the German army in May 1934 and joined the Artillery. During the Polish campaign he was part of the 152nd Artillery Regiment of the 52nd Infantry Division.

        Hugo Primozic于1914年出生在德國符騰堡。母親是德國人,父親是斯洛文尼亞人。1934年,Primozic應征入伍,加入了陸軍炮兵部隊。在波蘭戰役期間,他隸屬于52步兵師152炮兵團。(譯注:網上有文章將他的名字翻譯為胡戈·普里曼茨。Hugo的德語發音確實是胡戈,但Primozic翻譯成普里曼茨似乎不對。這個姓是個斯洛文尼亞人的姓,發音大概是普里默希奇,或者普里默日奇。而某個網站的機翻發音是普里默奇希。)。

        After serving in the French campaign, he rotated through several reserve and replacement positions including a posting at the Artillery school in Jüterbog. After graduating, he was sent to join the 667th Sturmgeschutz (assault gun) battalion. He was given command of a platoon of Stug assault guns in the 2nd battery of the 667th.

        打完法國戰役后,Primozic的身份一直在預備和補充人員之間變換,并被送到位于于特博格的炮兵學校學習。在畢業后,被分配到667突擊炮營,在667營2連指揮一個排。

        After bitter fighting in August and September, the 667th halted several heavy Soviet attacks near Rzhev but was subsequently pulled back due to heavy casualties. Then on the 15th of September, the Soviets launched another massive attack. Primozic only had his platoon of three Stugs at his disposal which he promptly moved forward to face the assault.

        在1942年8月至9月間的艱苦戰斗中,667營在勒熱夫附近,擊退了蘇聯人發起的數次猛攻,隨后因嚴重減員而后撤。在9月15日,蘇聯人再次大舉進攻。Primozic指揮的排只有三輛突擊炮,他立即帶領部隊前進,以應對蘇聯人的進攻。

        As they approached under cover, Primozic halted his platoon and dismounted to scout out the situation facing his small force. Once this was complete, he moved his Stugs into concealed positions on the flank of the advancing Soviets tanks.

        在隱蔽接近的途中,Primozic命令他的排停止前進,并下車進行偵查,以探明他這支小部隊所要面對的局勢。完成偵查后,他繼續前進至蘇聯坦克側面的隱蔽位置。

        As Primozic’s platoon moved into firing positions, one of the Soviet T-34s apparently spotted Primozic and quickly swung its turret round and fired. By luck, despite the short range of the shot, the round bounced off. The Stug fired a heartbeat later destroying the T-34. Primozic's platoon began to pour fire into the sides and rear of the Soviet tanks. As the Soviets began to return fire, Primozic ordered his Stugs to pull back from their previously concealed positions and relocate to new firing positions to the left of their location. The Stugs low profile, speed and concealed positions made this manoeuvre possible despite enemy fire.

        在Primozic的排進入射擊位置時,有一輛蘇聯T-34坦克發現了他,并迅速調轉炮口向他開火。但很幸運,雖然距離很近,還是跳彈了。稍后,突擊炮的致命一擊將這輛T-34擊毀。Primozic的排開始在側后方向蘇聯坦克傾瀉炮彈。在蘇聯人開始回擊時,Primozic命令他的突擊炮從先前隱蔽的位置撤離,轉移到左面一個新的射擊位置。雖然敵人在向他們開火,但突擊炮低矮的外形、速度,以及隱蔽位置的選擇使得這次機動成為可能。

        While Primozic had been moving, the Soviet tank had begun advancing towards his platoon and had closed the range so that the nearest T-34s were now only 300 yards (275 meters) away; well within optimal firing range for a T-34. Additionally, his platoon spotted KV-1 heavy tanks moving up to support the stalled T-34s. His Stug was hit by a round from a KV-1 which did no damage however Primozic’s gunner likewise bounced his shot off of the KV-1. It was now a straight reload race as the first to reload and fire accurately would likely destroy the other. The Stug's 75mm roared and the KV-1 shuddered to a halt gushing smoke.

        在Primozic機動時,蘇聯坦克開始向他們逼來,拉近了距離。最近的T-34離他們只有300碼(275m),已進入了T-34的最佳射程。另外,他們還發現有一輛KV-1重型坦克正在駛來,以支援被拖住的T-34。Primozic的突擊炮被KV-1擊中,但沒有造成傷害。他的突擊炮射向KV-1的炮彈也跳彈了。現在是雙方裝填手的較量了,誰第一個完成裝填并準確命中,誰就能擊毀對方。突擊炮的75mm主炮發出一聲咆哮,KV-1猛地抖動了一下,冒出一股濃煙,停了下來。

        The fighting continued with the heavily outnumbered platoon continuing to inflict damage on the T-34s and KV-1 heavy tanks until the Soviets began to retreat. The platoon had flanked the Soviet advance and used the covered, rolling terrain to maximum advantage to halt the soviet attack and destroy over 24 tanks during the engagement.

        戰斗在繼續,雖然在數量上遠不及對手,但突擊炮不斷地擊毀T-34和KV-1重型坦克,直至蘇聯人撤退。這個排在蘇聯人進攻方向的側翼,利用隱蔽物和起伏的地形,最大程度地發揮了自己得優勢,擊退了蘇聯人的進攻,在戰斗中擊毀24輛坦克。

        From the 15th through the 28th, Primozic and his platoon continued to fight with their battalion in repelling repeated Soviet attacks in the Rzhev vicinity. On the 28th of September, Primozic’s platoon was assigned to cover the extreme flank of their division and they proceeded to hold their position against repeated attacks conducted by Soviet tanks with infantry support. Primozic’s Stugs held their ground until they had literally fired off all of their ammunition and then attempted to withdraw to avoid being encircled. Before his platoon could disengage, Primozic left his vehicle while under fire with a steel tow cable and attached it to an immobilized Stug in his platoon to tow it from the battlefield using his own vehicle. Upon returning to his Stug, he personally covered the successful withdrawal of both vehicles against infantry attack with a machine gun.

        從15日到28日之間,在勒熱夫附近,Primozic和他的突擊炮排,以及整個667營一次又一次擊退蘇聯的進攻。在9月28日,Primozic的排被指派去掩護師的最側翼。蘇聯坦克在步兵支援下,反復發起沖擊,但無法越雷池一步。Primozic的突擊炮一直堅守陣地,直到彈藥用磬。為了避免被合圍,他們準備撤退。在他們脫離戰斗之前,Primozic麾下的一輛突擊炮駛去了行動能力。他在炮火中帶著一條牽引纜繩下車,用自己的戰車把那輛駛去行動能力的突擊炮拖離戰場。回到車上后,面對蘇聯步兵的進攻,他用一挺機槍成功地掩護了兩輛戰車撤離戰場。

        In the five months from September 1942 to January 1943, Hugo Primozic destroyed 60 enemy tanks and was awarded both the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross and the Oak Leaves. Hugo Primozic was the first non commissioned officer in the Wehrmacht to be awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight’s Cross and one of only seven NCOs in total to receive the Oak Leaves.

        在1942年9月至1943年1月這5個月間,Hugo Primozic共擊毀60輛敵軍坦克,被授予銀橡葉騎士鐵十字勛章。他是國防軍中第一位得此榮譽的軍士,總共也只有七個軍士得到過銀橡葉。

        授勛:騎士鐵十字勛章

        He received his officer’s commission in February 1943 and served as an instructor until 1945 when his training unit was deployed to face the advancing Americans on the Western front. Primozic was captured by American forces on May 8th, 1945 and survived the war. He died on the 18th of March 1996 in Fulda Germany.

        1943年2月,Primozic晉升為軍官并擔任教官,直到1945年,他所在訓練部隊被派去防御西線美軍的進攻。1945年5月8日,Primozic被美軍俘虜,他在戰爭中幸存了下來。1996年3月18日,Primozic在德國富爾達逝世,享年82歲。

        Primozic和他的母親與妻子


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